Respond to the England Deer Strategy consultation

Containing recommendations on incentivisation, night shooting, male close season, and mandatory testing, the England Deer Strategy was launched by Defra on 4 August.

The England Deer Strategy was released alongside a month-long consultation which closes on 2 September. The consultation asks for views on proposals to tackle England’s growing deer population.

Our view

While BASC welcomes the government’s commitment to deer management in England, we feel that many of the proposals in this latest consultation fall short of the mark and lack any substance.

The strategy contains an over-reliance on altering legislation, most of which is already fit for purpose, and very little on bolstering the venison market, the latter of which is a sure-fire way of increasing the national cull.

Deer strategy breakdown – key points

  1. We do not consider deer to be a national problem. In many areas of England deer populations are well managed at an environmentally sustainable level. We do however accept that certain species in certain areas are a problem. Therefore, we argue that a more targeted approach should be adopted throughout the England Deer Strategy. We certainly would not want deer to be considered as pests and to be eradicated.
  2. We are sure there are lessons to be learned from previous government-sponsored wildlife control schemes and that aspects of the methodologies used in these could be applied to tackle problem areas/species. We are surprised that neither Defra nor the Forestry Commission have considered this approach.
  3. BASC is the primary provider of deer management training (we deliver 50% of all DSC levels 1 and 2 annually), so we have a key role to play in ensuring that the sector has the capacity to manage deer, both now and in the future.
  4. BASC is keen to help deliver the required deer management across the country and will work with Defra and stakeholders to enable this.
A premium to cull muntjac could be offered through a government-backed incentive scheme


We are responding to the consultation regarding the England Deer Strategy in full. 36,000 BASC members – 24% of our overall membership – are actively involved in deer management across the UK. We’re asking as many of these members as possible to respond also.

Highlighted below are some key questions within the consultation, plus our position on each:

Q6. Incentives for deer management

One of our biggest concerns with the strategy is regarding the level of attention given to where culled deer end up. There needs to be much greater emphasis on ensuring a final market for the venison produced and that the supply chain has no bottlenecks.

The way to incentivise deer managers to shoot more deer is to have a high market value for the carcass. An option for this would be for the government to purchase carcasses from Approved Game Handling Establishments (AGHEs) through some form of targeted incentive scheme.

For example, if we need to cull more muntjac, a premium could be offered through the AGHEs. At the moment, the carcass value of £5 – £10 for muntjac does not make it viable to cull them other than for personal consumption. Were these carcasses paid for by the government, they could then be used as an excellent source of healthy protein in a variety of settings, such as hospitals and schools.

Q7. No close season for male deer

BASC disagrees with the proposal of no close season for male deer. It is our view that it wouldn’t help reduce population levels in the long term, which can only be achieved by concentrating on the female cull. There is already an option for landowners who are suffering damage to control deer out of season, so we do not see the requirement for this proposal.

BASC disagrees with the proposal for no close season for male deer

Q8. Shooting of deer at night

BASC strongly disagrees with the removal of the need for a licence to shoot deer at night. We do however agree with the need for an easier licensing process to allow night shooting where it is required. This would provide another tool for a deer manager to deploy if struggling to achieve cull targets. The licensing system would also help prevent some of the illegitimate killing (poaching) of deer at night.

Q14. Mandatory testing for all deer stalkers

BASC strongly disagrees with the proposal to require all deer stalkers to pass a mandatory test as there is no evidence it is required. 

We have no records of any claims through our members insurance of incidents related to deer management. Similarly, we are not aware of any welfare issues arising from legitimate deer management and would like to see the evidence before such a draconian law was introduced.

The net result of a mandatory requirement for training would actually reduce the numbers of deer managers available to undertake the cull required as this would act as a significant barrier to entry into the sector. 

The average age of BASC deer stalker members is 58 years old, and unless we can provide better access into the deer management sector, we will struggle to attract any new or young deer stalkers. This will have major impacts on our ability to control the national deer herd in the future.

The deer management sector has an excellent record of training and development with over half of all deer managers having achieved DSC1. BASC is strongly committed to training to ensure that those involved in the deer management sector demonstrate the highest standards at all times, but we are firmly of the belief that voluntary self-regulation is the best way to achieve this, rather than a bureaucratic diktat.

Would these proposals require new legislation?

There is no need to review the existing Deer Act 1991 in relation to any of the proposals put forward, especially regarding close seasons for male deer and night shooting.

There is adequate provision within this legislation for the issuing of licences for shooting at night and out of season. Instead, Defra should review its policies for issuing these licences to simplify and streamline the system, thereby enabling deer managers to obtain the necessary licence where and when it is required.

The alternative is a lot of parliamentary time being wasted when these tools are already available.

Have your say

If you are a deer stalker or undertake deer management, be it professionally or recreationally, please share your views by responding to the consultation.