A duck nest tube over water
A duck nest tube over water

Duck nest monitoring project

What is it?

Initiated by The Waterfowlers’ Network (of which BASC is a member) in 2021, the Duck Nest Monitoring Project is a citizen science project dedicated to the conservation of wild mallard populations. 

The project aims to monitor mallard breeding success when artificial nesting structures, such as raised nesting tubes or boxes, are installed at a site.

Why is this project important?

Mallard numbers are decreasing across the UK and Europe. In order to continue sustainable shooting of this species we must establish an effective way to maintain and protect our wild populations.

Mallard are ground-nesting birds and as a result, they often face disturbance such as trampling from livestock, predation, and dog walkers.

This frequently results in the destruction of the nests before the eggs have a chance to hatch.

Duck nest tubes are a great solution to this problem. By raising the nests off the ground and covering them from flying predators, the chances of nest disturbance or destruction are considerably lower, resulting in increased brood sizes and hatching success.

How do I get involved?

1. Make and install a mallard nest tube on the land you own or shoot over

Duck nest tubes are simple to set up and anyone can take part in helping to improve the wild mallard population in their area. It can take several years before the tubes are used, but don’t lose hope – once they are occupied, the ducks and their offspring will likely return year after year to nest in the same spot.

How to set up a duck nest tube:

A duck nest tube installed over a pond
Duck nest tubes are made by rolling wire mesh with hay.

2. Record as much of the following information as you can:

  • Habitat type 
  • Site location
  • Number of nest tubes installed at the site
  • Species using the nest tube (the best time to check this is from the beginning of March until the end of July)
  • What types of habitat management and predator control are currently being carried out at the site

3. Once you have recorded as much information as you can, use the Waterfowlers’ Network online form to register your findings at the end of the mallard breeding season.

We recommended that you register your findings at the end of the season (end of August) to ensure no nesting attempts are missed.

An example of an appropriate habitat to install a duck nest tube.
An example of an appropriate habitat to install a duck nest tube.

Findings so far

Duck nest tubes have been shown to improve wild mallard populations by increasing brood size and hatching success across their range.

The security and protection provided by nesting tubes can improve the chance of hatching success to 90%, compared to the less than 15% chance of success in ground nests.


Duck Nest Monitoring Project

The Duck Nest Monitoring Project is run by the Waterfowlers’ Network, of which BASC is a member.

The project aims to boost the numbers of mallard and other duck species breeding in the UK and across Europe. 

A successful year

The initiative incorporates the construction and placement of artificial nest structures in potential mallard breeding grounds, such as ponds on shoots and farmland.

The project has made a successful start in the UK, with a total of 171 nests recorded in 2021. 88 of these were sited in duck nest tubes placed earlier the same year.

The Netherlands and Denmark also had a successful first year with a combined total of 1,625 nests reported to the online recording form (as of September 2021).

More than half UK nesting tubes were recorded as being occupied, with mallard being the most common species, followed by common moorhen. Other species reported using the tubes include mandarin duck, gadwall, teal, coot, and a grey wagtail.

Looking forward

The Waterfowlers’ Network will be continuing the duck nest project in 2022 to gather further data. The ongoing support of the shooting community is vital to the success of the project, so thank you to those who recorded their results last year.

If you have artificial nest structures on your land already, or land which would be suitable for placing a duck nest tube, you too can get involved in the project.

Find out more about building and siting duck nest tubes by watching our film here.


If you have a site with breeding ducks, here are some tips on what to do in the first few months of this year:


Inland duck shooting finishes at the end of the month, so this is a good time to analyse how the season has fared compared with previous years. It’s also an opportunity to look at what improvements can be made, e.g., location of nests, vegetation, is there sufficient food available, etc.


Start getting duck nest tube building materials ready. See BASC’s website and YouTube channel for helpful guides on building tubes. Check existing tubes for signs of activity and carry out any necessary repairs.

Install new duck tubes and carry out maintenance on existing ones.

If you have wings collected from shot birds, send them into BASC for analysis as part of our duck and goose wing survey.

If you feed your water, continue to do so until there is sufficient natural food.


Carry out any conservation work around the pond (if it can be done without causing disturbance to residing wildfowl).

Continue pest and predator control with Larsen traps and mink rafts. Don’t forget to also reduce rat numbers. Check general licence guidelines when controlling pest birds such as carrion crows and magpies and that consents are in place if shooting on protected land.

Keep note of successful nesting attempts if you have artificial nests on your land.

April – May

Continue pest and predator control.

Keep an eye out for birds nesting in duck nest tubes but from a distance! Consider installing signs asking people to stay away, keep dogs on leads, and to keep disturbances to minimum.

Ensure that any feed storage bins are clean, weatherproof, and not a draw to vermin species such as rats.

If ducks have indeed taken up residence in your artificial nests, continue to keep notes on species using them and whether nesting attempts have been successful.

June – July

These are good months to just sit quietly and watch what is happening on the water.

If you feed, make sure that you have organised a supply.

If you have artificial nests on your land now is the time to report your observations to the Waterfowlers’ Network. It is also important to report if the tubes have not been used or nesting attempts have been unsuccessful as this provides us with crucial data.

The future

BASC looks forward to building on the success of last year for this project and will continue to report on findings. Together we can make a difference to waterfowl numbers and secure the future of sustainable shooting.