The British Association for Shooting and Conservation (BASC) has joined forces with Cranfield University at Shrivenham to offer its members the most comprehensive and accurate information on distances travelled by all main shot types used in game, wildfowl, pigeon and clay shooting.

BASC is frequently asked for advice on the distance pellets travel after being fired from shotgun cartridges. This is to guide the setting of safety zones around game or clay target shooting or to ensure pellets do not land on neighbouring property. Conventionally 300 yards has been considered the maximum distance for lead shot. The new research takes into account muzzle velocity, pellet material, pellet size, and wind.

BASC’s director of research, Dr John Harradine, said: “Shooters have long relied on the traditional 300 yard travel distance for lead shot but its travel is affected by several factors, including pellet size and particularly a following wind. With new non-lead shot types now being used, based on both less dense (steel) and more dense (tungsten) materials, we need to be able to advise shooters and shoot managers on what these shot types can do to ensure safety and responsibility in the field.”

Members needing advice on shot travel can contact the research department on 01244 573016 or email


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